Open science is a big topic, over many disparate fields, and can be a bit overwhelming to approach. But at core, it's pretty simple: make everything open and available.
Why would you do this? Fundamentally: for better, reproducible science, with a complete accounting of your research; but for many other reasons too... for more reading, including philosophy, how-tos and guidelines, here's a few resources to get started. Please post other recommendations below.
Intro from Wikipeadia's Open Science page
Open science is the movement to make scientific research (including publications, data, physical samples, and software) and its dissemination accessible to all levels of an inquiring society, amateur or professional. Open science is transparent and accessible knowledge that is shared and developed through collaborative networks. It encompasses practices such as publishing open research, campaigning for open access, encouraging scientists to practice open notebook science, and generally making it easier to publish and communicate scientific knowledge.
Open Science can be seen as a continuation of, rather than a revolution in, practices begun in the 17th century with the advent of the academic journal, when the societal demand for access to scientific knowledge reached a point at which it became necessary for groups of scientists to share resources with each other so that they could collectively do their work. In modern times there is debate about the extent to which scientific information should be shared. The conflict that led to the Open Science movement is between the desire of scientists to have access to shared resources versus the desire of individual entities to profit when other entities partake of their resources. Additionally, the status of open access and resources that are available for its promotion are likely to differ from one field of academic inquiry to another.
Guides & Resources
- The Open Definition: Short version: “Open data and content can be freely used, modified, and shared by anyone for any purpose”.
- Open Science MOOC: A good jumping-off point, with general intros to various aspects of open science and (lots of) material.
- Open data handbook: Guides to open data and associated issues & topics.
- Center for Open Science: Mission statement from the home of OSF.
- Taking up TOP Marcia McNutt, Science (2016), Vol. 352, Issue 6290, pp. 1147 DOI: 10.1126/science.aag2359. A good intro article from Science, including their policies on open science.
Nearly 1 year ago, a group of researchers boldly suggested that the standards for research quality, transparency, and trustworthiness could be improved if journals banded together to adopt eight standards called TOP (Transparency and Openness Promotion).* Since that time, more than 500 journals have been working toward their implementation of TOP. The editors at Science have held additional retreats and workshops to determine how best to adapt TOP to a general science journal and are now ready to announce our new standards, effective 1 January 2017.
(More to follow here, as a proper bibliography, soon.)
- The high-tech war on science fraud Stephen Buranyi, The Guardian (2017). One of many examples of the topic in the popular press, including the current "reproducibility crisis".
- John Arnold Made a Fortune at Enron. Now He's Declared War on Bad Science, Sam Apple, Wired (2017).
Like a number of up-and-coming researchers in his generation, Nosek was troubled by mounting evidence that science itself—through its systems of publication, funding, and advancement—had become biased toward generating a certain kind of finding: novel, attention grabbing, but ultimately unreliable. The incentives to produce positive results were so great [...]